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Tribal groups in india

Breif Intro

There are more than 500 types of tribal groups in India. Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura etc. states have a significant population of tribals. Orissa alone is home to more than 60 different tribal groups. Tribal societies appear completely different from others because there is very little difference between high and low within them, for this reason these communities are completely different from communities based on caste-varna or communities living under the rule of kings.

Displacement problems and challenges

Cut off from their land and forests, tribal communities are deprived of their main sources of livelihood and food. Due to the loss of their traditional habitats, many tribals are moving to the cities in search of work. There they have to do very low paying jobs in small scale industries, buildings or construction sites. In this way they keep getting trapped in the web of poverty and helplessness.

45% of tribal groups in rural areas and 35% in urban areas live below the poverty line. Because of this, they become victims of many types of deprivation. Many of their children are victims of malnutrition. Literacy among the tribals is also very low.

When tribals are evicted from their land; So there is more to their source of income than that; which perishes forever. They lose their traditions and customs; Which is the source of their life and existence.

Steps taken by the government for the tribals

The Central Government has recently passed the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006. The preamble of this law states that this law has been passed to remove the historical injustice done to forest communities due to non-recognition of their rights on land and resources. The law recognizes forest communities’ rights to land around homesteads, agricultural and grazing land, and non-timber forest products. This law also states that; That forest and biodiversity conservation also comes under the rights of forest dwellers.

Aryan Kr

By admin

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